Symptoms and Diagnosis of Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the testicles, or the male reproductive organs. It is the most common cancer in men between the ages of 15 and 40. The good news is that testicular cancer is highly treatable and usually curable if detected early. It’s important to be aware of the symptoms and diagnosis process for testicular cancer in order to catch it early.

Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer frequently manifests as a tumour or growth in one of the testicles. There may also be a dull aching in the lower abdomen or groyne, a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum, and/or pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum.

Diagnosis of Testicular Cancer

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, it is imperative that you seek medical assistance as soon as possible. The first step in diagnosing testicular cancer is having the patient undergo a physical examination and provide a medical history. The results of the physical exam will determine whether or not the doctor decides to request any extra testing, which could include an ultrasound, a biopsy, or blood tests.

  • Ultrasound

A doctor may order an ultrasound to get a more detailed look at the testicles. An ultrasound can help determine if there is a tumor present and its size.

  • Biopsy

If a tumor is found during the physical exam or ultrasound, the doctor may recommend a biopsy. During a biopsy, a small sample of tissue is taken from the testicle and examined under a microscope.

  • Blood Tests

The doctor may also order a blood test to check for elevated levels of certain proteins in the blood. These proteins can indicate the presence of testicular cancer.


The urologists near me will figure out the most effective method of treatment after the testicular cancer diagnosis has been established with certainty. Surgical intervention, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy are all potential treatment options. Your healthcare provider will sit down with you to explain the available treatment options and will offer guidance as you make your selection.


If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of testicular cancer, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. If you are looking for a urologist near you, you can search online or ask your primary care doctor for a referral. The sooner you seek medical attention, the better your chances of successfully treating testicular cancer.

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